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Thread: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

  1. #691
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    Default Re: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

    Hi everyone,

    I just read this entire tread and have started my AFS about two weeks ago. Thanks to everyone for great contribution here.Due to my busy schedule I don't have any results yet but would like to mention that I'm using Safe-T-Sorb as "cat litter" as it looks like it's the same content as some cat litters. It's made from montmorillonite clay minerals same as Blue Ribbon Premium Clay Cat Litter. Safe-T-Sorb is very cheap, like $9 CAD for 50lb bag.
    I've been using Safe-T-Sorb for couple years now for my planted tanks and it's been great. I'll try it and post results. I rinse it in a sieve as it has lot's of fine particles.

    In regards to laterite this is what Wiki says:

    Waste water treatment
    In Northern Ireland, phosphorus enrichment of lakes due to agriculture is a significant problem.[22] Locally available laterite—a low-grade bauxite rich in iron and aluminium—is used in acid solution, followed by precipitation to remove phosphorus and heavy metals at several sewage treatment facilities.[22] Calcium-, iron- and aluminium-rich solid media are recommended for phosphorus removal.[22] A study, using both laboratory tests and pilot-scale constructed wetlands, reports the effectiveness of granular laterite in removing phosphorus and heavy metals from landfill leachate.[22] Initial laboratory studies show that laterite is capable of 99% removal of phosphorus from solution.[22] A pilot-scale experimental facility containing laterite achieved 96% removal of phosphorus.[22] This removal is greater than reported in other systems.[22] Initial removals of aluminium and iron by pilot-scale facilities have been up to 85% and 98% respectively.[22] Percolating columns of laterite removed enough cadmium, chromium and lead to undetectable concentrations.[22] There is a possible application of this low-cost, low-technology, visually unobtrusive, efficient system for rural areas with dispersed point sources of pollution.[22]


    Is it bacteria of laterite that's removing phoshorus??

    Thanks,
    Dan

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    Homesteader pastry's Avatar
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    Default Re: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

    Then you deserve a medal if you actually did read all 46 pages of thread!
    -Elliot

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    Default Re: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

    still hoping to get feedback and updates!!

    in the mean time Im going with the plenum for sure. From bottom to top it will be 1" dia bioballs, landscape cloth, qtr inch of flourite red and then a 3"-4" layer of special kitty. This follows what Dr Novaks youtube video stated fro the plenum but I have seen another video where the flourite was sandwiched between layers of cat litter.

    again, any advice appreciated

  4. #694
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    Default Re: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

    OK, plenum update

    cannot believe the amount of silt cast off form he kitty litter. Washed it over 50 times to the point where it still gets cloudy but now is a white colored fog if you will versus an opaque slate grey color. Worried that all those tiny particles are going to clog up the landscape cloth. Now thinking get smallest pea gravel I can from Home Depot and add this to the bio balls with the landscape cloth on top. maybe an inch....then the qtr inch fluorite, half inch of kitty litter followed by more pea gravel to make a 4 inch depth total of substrates.

    Am I overthinking this? Any advice?

    Thank you

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    Default Re: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

    My be Dr. Novak is not that much of the base with his theory..
    https://www.seachem.com/denitrate.php

    de❊nitrate™ is an economical, natural, porous material with a pore distribution and geometry that promotes both aerobic nitrification within the first few millimeters of depth and anaerobic denitrification at the core. The material has a high surface area and supports a high density of bacteria. Although de❊nitrate™ has capacity to trap nitrate, this, as with other nitrate retaining materials, such as certain zeolites and synthetic resins, is quite limited and the primary mechanism of nitrate removal is anaerobic.

    “Live” rocks or reef rocks remove nitrate by anaerobic denitrification. de❊nitrate™ removes nitrate by the same process. Efficiency is magnified several folds by forcing the water to filter through the porous de❊nitrate™. As with reef rock, anaerobic conditions are achieved by the porosity and the depletion of oxygen by the aerobic process at the surface. Excessive flow rates should, therefore, be avoided, as they may impede development of an adequate anaerobic environment to support denitrifying bacteria.

    de❊nitrate™ is also an excellent media for aerobic nitrification and it makes an ideal biological filter in drip trays, canister filters, sumps, or even box filters. At high flow rates (greater than 100 US gallons per hour), it will function solely as an aerobic filter. At slow flow rates (less than 50 US gallons per hour), it will function as both an aerobic filter and an anaerobic denitrifying filter.

  6. #696
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    Default Re: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

    IMG_0219.jpg

    making of the plenum with bioballs....layer 1

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    Default Re: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

    Quote Originally Posted by Blobfish View Post
    OK, plenum update

    cannot believe the amount of silt cast off form he kitty litter. Washed it over 50 times to the point where it still gets cloudy but now is a white colored fog if you will versus an opaque slate grey color. Worried that all those tiny particles are going to clog up the landscape cloth. Now thinking get smallest pea gravel I can from Home Depot and add this to the bio balls with the landscape cloth on top. maybe an inch....then the qtr inch fluorite, half inch of kitty litter followed by more pea gravel to make a 4 inch depth total of substrates.

    Am I overthinking this? Any advice?

    Thank you
    Heya,
    im not too familiar with plenums only with bcbs but yes the amount of fine dust/slit that washes away is pretty much about 50% from what you start with. Your plan looks good as i have pretty close dimensions on my bcbs - 4-5" in total - 1-2" litter 1"flourite and rest with litter.

    Eddie S

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    Default Re: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

    thank you for the reply! appreciate it!

  9. #699
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    Default Re: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

    the other layers of the plenum...
    IMG_0254.jpg
    IMG_0257.jpgIMG_0259.jpg

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    Default Re: DIY "Anoxic Filtration System" eliminates nitrates? Anyone tried this?

    Hold up my friend, I think you will need bio balls, undergravel plate, and then the weed blocker covered with the substrate to made an plenum... View Dr. Novak's video: https://youtu.be/gACyygl3n4Q

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